Why the Storm Demon Super Cyclone Amphan should be called – ‘Wrath of God’ (2020)

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Introduction: “Area after area has been ruined,” Ms Mamta Banerjee, Chief Minister of West Bengal, was quoted as saying by the Press Trust of India news agency. “I have experienced a war-like situation today.”

Super Cyclone Amphan is one of the most devastating cyclones that hit West Bengal, state of India at the beginning of third decade in twenty first century. It hits during the period when the state already facing bloody eyes of COVID19. It is the fiercest cyclone attack till date. The path of Amphan cyclone was tracked by IMD with due precision. The precise monitoring used to predict the exact date of hit of Amphan Cyclone. The meaning of ‘Amphan’ pronounced as ‘Um-pun’ is sky. The name was given by Thailand in 2004.

Dual attack of Amphan and Covid19, made the relief work delayed due to restrictions prevailed for COVID19. There are nine districts; 13 million people; one million livestock, 100,000 hectares is affected by the storm demon. However, precise prediction from IMD yield time for pre-Amphan hit relief work. Local Administration, NDRF & Police along with State Government of West Bengal justified its eligibility in performing this commendable task. The amount of devastation is $ 13.2 Billion (USD 2020). Complete reconstruction of life in those affected districts expected to take time one year. We will search why ‘Cyclone Amphan’ should be called ‘Wrath of God’ in few sections below.

Let’s dive right in:

Illustration of Cyclone from my eyes

Picture of devastation

Why this cyclone is unique

Brief life history

How IMD tracks Amphan cyclone

Salient features

Comparison of fiercest five cyclone hits India last three decades

Name of the cyclone given by which country

Dual attack

Reconstruction of life

Relief work by State Government

Plantation drive by KMC

Final words

Illustration of Cyclone from my eyes: It was 20th May 2020. There were a series of warnings and alert notifications in both printed media and electronic media regarding the annihilation dance of Amphan. According to the data it is going to be one of the fiercest cyclones it has ever had. Thereby, weather office (RMC, Kolkata) notified to have a complete shutdown of all Government offices, markets and individual traders on 20th May 2020. Initial statistics from satellite information implies that worse is going to happen. However, staying home is safer for every fellow citizen. On the other hand it was the pulse of nationwide lockdown period to fight against COVID19 pandemic. As a consequence, it is expected that people should stay home for this dual attack.

Warning of weather office predicts the cyclone will hit the ground afternoon of 20th May tentatively. Police, NDRF and State Disaster management team promoted the alert warnings around the coastal region, by informing the fishermen, tourists to a safer place and performed strict watchdog around coast. Local administration in coastal region of West Bengal performed their responsibility to bring vulnerable coastal people towards safer places including children, pregnant women, physically challenged and senior citizens. People were scared of the devastating nature of Cyclone, as predicted. However, coastal people are quite familiar about the behavior of Cyclone – but prediction of parameters made them alarmed.

News released that Digha – coast of West Bengal – facing huge ripples from 19th May night. The undulating waves break through all barriers in its path and enter into locality. Scattered showers along with squally movements of wind observed in my locality Andul, Howrah, 130 KM away from Digha coastline of West Bengal. Traders of essential commodities, Government offices are shut already maintained enforced lockdown prevailing due to COVID, however, rests were closed after the first half of the day as per warning from social media, news and Police Administration.

I confined myself in my home as per warning and keep eyes open what next is going to happen. Sky was cloudy from the very morning and there was abrupt gust of wind. The upper floor of my house depicts a grand coverage of my locality. It clearly captures sky-kissing buildings of my locality, tall trees and mobile towers.

Around 3:30 PM (local time), unnatural gust of wind starts. What is going to happen is the million dollar question for me. Power already shuts to control electrical disaster. As time elapses, spontaneous aggravation of roar creates monstrous situation. Birds moved into their safer place before sunset. Sun took away every pulse of light scattering in sky. As it was cloudy sky from morning, flawless black engulfed the surroundings. It feels no one has right to pay a visit of the annihilation dance of Amphan, as it is going to cause extreme devastation. Minutes became longer than hours. The very next moment, it hits higher than the previous. It was unstoppable.

Hours become longer than a day. The frantic dance along with rumbling growl aggravated with pulse of time. The note tunes sharply terrible with the association of cloud burst torrential rain. Windows and doors are closed but, supposed to open. Both the rain and bounce back wind are untamed. It spontaneously hits from either side of my house and rainwater used to overflow from second floor roof. It is really surprised that the outlets of my roof are overburdened with the bulk branches and twigs of trees and water is unable to pass out, thereby, resulting a way to move into second floor rooms as streamline flow. Around 8:30PM (local time), I find my floors are waterlogged and the water enters from second floor roof into first floor rooms and creates its way forward into ground floor.

Amphan Cyclone at Andul on 20th May 2020, 6:15PM

Power is already shutdown just beginning of the disaster, phones are connectionless toys. The sound of thumping from surroundings clearly signifies that our popular and exclusive big tree-trunks are slipping from their feet. The thirty foot areca-nut tree hits my second floor northern window unpunctuated. Indeed, there is no chance either to find or identify those trees. As there is only areca nut tree in northern direction, I supposed to acknowledge the tree as well. The dark envelop turns darker and signifies I am not entrusted to pay a visit to her frantic dance.

Seconds turns longer than Life. Around 10:30PM (local time), it seems the intensity of storm is little lesser. However, I expressed to peeping through hole to find which of our great trees have lost their feet. As it is mentioned earlier, darkness turns darker and pays no right to see anything outside. Endurances of eye recognize, the south horizon line apprehends we lost most valuable trees from out Mother Nature.

Night was almost sleepless for an intense presence of rumbling sound of cyclonic air and power cut. The very next morning was illustration of devastation. Most remarkable trees lost their life, because of yesterday’s storm. However, there is no news of accidents or injuries in locality.

Private transport bus dismantled by uprooted tree in Kolkata (Courtesy: BBC)

Picture of devastation: The only life line, neither newspaper nor milk was available on the very next morning. As a consequence, my locality was isolated from the outside World. The amount of devastation in Railways was unknown. This kind of natural calamity severely disrupts Railway networks. However, as the lockdown prevails, rail is shut for public and is available only for transportation of newspapers. The big picture in Andul, Howrah, reckoning this is the most extreme disaster I have ever seen in my life. Entire communication channel was dismantled and human movement was forbidden. 

The volume of devastation is reported in newspaper, next day, 22nd May. However, the loss of life is almost inconsiderable, trees are found to be uprooted in abundance, hut; sheltie; shebang and sheds are found dismantled in North 24 Pargana, Howrah, South 24 Parganas districts of West Bengal, India.

Calcutta Club after Amphan (Courtesy: Outlook)

Indeed, the aforesaid South 24 Pargana, district of West Bengal is populated with 63.68 % of financially marginal demography. This huge percentage is registered as non-worker in Census 2011. The occupation is small scale farming and animal husbandry. However, the prime occupation is to catch Pisces from creek and estuary. The challenge in the other hand is, rivers in this district are just adjacent to the estuary of Bhagirathi-Hoogly River and Bay of Bengal. The geographical location is boon in one hand and bane on the other hand. The boon factor is rivers are nourished by tidal water and as its consequence, it inevitably fetch Pisces and seedling fishes. Uneducated and malnourished women from marginal family used to catch these as their daily livelihood. On the other hand, the bane factor is these rivers are full of danger. Women are being attacked by Crocodiles, venomous snakes and sometimes Tiger. Geographical location is favorable for Tiger due to presence of Sundarban. This river based economy gets affected as Amphan slapped on their face.

People remember the extreme effect of Cyclone Aila in 2009. It conveys salt on local fertile land and made it infertile. It also creates a huge drawback to local water bodies. Local Pisci-culture in ewe/embarkment is completely devastated. The recurrence of similar issue made people scarce about their economy. This is the immediate cause of the district South 24 Pargana, rest will be provided with a new case study on my future post.

Kolkata Airport after Amphan (Courtesy: BBC)

Further, I spend next three days without power and mobile connection. It is not necessary to inform that no power mean not a drop of water at all. At the fourth day, 23rd May evening, power resumes and mobile connection resumes on next day morning. You can easily guess, if this is the situation of a semi-urban area, the amount of disaster penetrate into the rural and interior. News reports, severely affected areas of Kolkata and remote areas of several districts resumes power after ten to twelve days.  

Some 300,000 fishermen have lost their fishing gear. They have now taken shelter in government relief camps and other safe places, the priest said. West Bengal’s government said the cyclone has affected 13 million people in nine districts in the state, which has 90 million people in 23 districts. More than one million houses collapsed, crops covering 100,000 hectares were lost, and close to one million livestock died in the cyclone, hitting the poor’s livelihoods, according to government data. Estimated amount of disaster is around $13.2 billion.

The State Government of Odisha has predicted that around 7 lakh people in 649 villages along the sea coast are likely to be acutely affected. In that situation, Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik asked district collectors to put extra efforts to prepare cyclone preparedness amidst of pandemic crisis and try to ensure ‘zero casualties.’

Why this Cyclone is unique: Super Cyclonic Storm ‘AMPHAN’ or ‘UM-PUN’ was first super cyclonic storm over the Bay of Bengal after 1999. It bites onto land that lay between Digha in Bengal and Hatiya in Bangladesh. Parts of West Bengal and Odisha, states in India, and areas in south-west Bangladesh, bore the brunt, with winds gusting up to 185km/h or 115mph. It lay over West Bengal as a Very Severe Cyclonic Storm, gradually moving north-northeastwards during late evening to night of 20th May. It moves close to Kolkata, Capital of West Bengal, during this period. It weakened deep depression over Bangladesh around noon of 21st May (next day of date of Amphan Cyclone landfall). The cyclone was monitored with the help of available satellite observations from INSAT 3D and 3DR, polar orbiting satellites including SCATSAT, ASCAT etc. and available ships & buoy observations in the region by IMD.

The largest rainfall accumulation had fallen over the Bay of Bengal on May 18 while Amphan was at category 5 on the Saffir-Simpson scale,” said Owen Kelley, a researcher at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md., who created a rainfall image. GPM data revealed Amphan generated over 914 mm or 36 inches of rainfall over an area in the Bay from May 16 to 19, 2020.   

On May 21, NASA’s Terra satellite provided a visible image of the remnants of former tropical cyclone Amphan, now over Bangladesh. Credit: NASA Worldview (Courtesy: NASA)

Brief life History: ‘AMPHAN’ originated from the remnant of a Low Pressure Area which occurred in the near Equatorial Easterly wave over south Andaman Sea and adjoining southeast Bay of Bengal (BoB) during 1st  – 5th  May. Though the Low Pressure Area became less marked on 6th May, its remnant circulation meandered over south Andaman Sea and adjoining southeast BoB during 6th – 12th May. Under its influence, a fresh Low Pressure Area formed over southeast BoB and adjoining south Andaman Sea in the morning of 13th May. It lay as a well marked low pressure area over southeast BoB & neighborhood in the morning of 14th May. Under favorable environmental conditions, it concentrated into a depression over southeast BoB in the early morning of 16th May and further intensified into a deep depression in the same afternoon. It moved north- northwestwards and intensified into Cyclonic Storm “AMPHAN” pronounced as UM-PUN over southeast BoB in the evening of 16th May, 2020. Moving nearly northwards, it further intensified into a Severe Cyclonic Storm over southeast BoB in the morning of 17th May. It underwent rapid intensification during subsequent 24 hours and accordingly intensified into a Very Severe Cyclonic Storm by the afternoon of 17th, Extremely Severe Cyclonic Storm in the early hours of 18th [actual time is 2100 Universal Time Coordinated (UTC) of 17th May] and into a Super Cyclonic Storm around noon of 18th May, 2020. It maintained the intensity of Super Cyclonic Storm over west-central BoB for nearly 24 hours, before weakening into an Extremely Severe Cyclonic Storm over west-central BoB around noon of 19th May (one day before the date of Amphan cyclone landfall). Thereafter, it weakened slightly and crossed West Bengal – Bangladesh coasts as a Very Severe Cyclonic Storm, across Sundarbans, near latitude 21.65°N and longitude 88.3°E during 15:30-17:30 Indian Standard Time of 20th May, with maximum sustained wind speed of 155 – 165 kmph gusting to 185 kmph. It lay over West Bengal as a Very Severe Cyclonic Storm, gradually moving north-northeastwards during late evening to night of 20th May. It moved very close to Kolkata during this period. Moving further north-northeastwards, it weakened into a Severe Cyclonic Storm over Bangladesh & adjoining West Bengal around mid-night of 20th May, weakened further into a Cyclonic Storm over Bangladesh in the early hours of 21st May, into Deep Depressions over Bangladesh around noon of 21st May (after the date of Amphan cyclone landfall) and into a Depression over north Bangladesh in the evening of the same day. It further weakened and lay as a well marked low pressure area over north Bangladesh and neighborhood around mid night of 21st May.

SCAT SAT imageries during life cycle of SuCS AMPHAN (13-20 May, 2020) (Courtesy: IMD)

How IMD tracks the Amphan Cyclone: India Meteorological Department (IMD) maintained round the clock watch over the north Indian Ocean and the system was monitored since 23rd April about three weeks prior to the formation of the Low Pressure Area over the southeast BoB on 13th May. A Low Pressure Area formed over south Andaman Sea and adjoining southeast Bay of Bengal on 1st May. It meandered over the region for next 5 days and became less marked on 6th. However, associated cyclonic circulation persisted over the region till 12th.

Typical satellite imageries for SuCS Amphan over the Bay of Bengal and
Radar imageries from DWR Kolkata & Paradip (Courtesy: IMD)

In the extended range outlook issued on 7th May, IMD indicated possible Cyclogenesis (formation of depression) during the second week over south Andaman Sea and adjoining southeast Bay of Bengal. Accordingly, continuous watch of this circulation was maintained. On 9th May, it was indicated that a Low Pressure Area would form over the region on 13th May (96 hours prior to formation of the system) under the influence of the remnant cyclonic circulation persisting over the region during 6th -12th. On 11th, it was indicated that cyclogenesis would occur around 16th May (48 hours prior to formation of the Low Pressure Area and 120 hours prior to formation of depression) over the BoB.

The cyclone was monitored with the help of available satellite observations from INSAT 3D and 3DR, polar orbiting satellites including SCATSAT, ASCAT etc. and available ships & buoy observations in the region. From 18th May midnight onwards till 20th May, the system was tracked gradually by IMD Doppler Weather Radars at Visakhapatnam, Gopalpur, Paradip, Kolkata and Agartala as it moved from south to north. IMD also utilized Doppler Weather Radars products from ‘DRDO Integrated Test Range’, Chandipur, Balasore for tracking the system. Various numerical weather prediction models run by Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) institutions, various global models and IMD’s dynamical-statistical models developed in-house were utilized to predict the genesis, track, landfall and intensity of the cyclone. A digitized forecasting system of IMD was utilized for analysis and comparison of guidance from various models, decision making process and warning product generation. Typical satellite and radar imageries are presented in the adjacent figure. The satellite and radar imageries during entire life cycle of the system are placed at.

INSAT-3D enhanced colour imageries during life cycle of SuCS AMPHAN (15-21
May, 2020) (Courtesy: IMD)

Salient Features: Climatologically, during satellite era a total of seven severe cyclonic storms and above intensity storms developed within the grid ±2.5⁰ of the genesis point (10.4⁰N and 87.0⁰E). Out of these, five crossed Bangladesh coast and two crossed north Andhra Pradesh coast. Considering the total number of severe cyclonic storms and above intensity storms crossing West Bengal-Bangladesh coasts in the month of May during satellite era, a total of two (1989, 2009) severe cyclonic storms and above intensity storms crossed West Bengal coast and seven crossed Bangladesh coast. It had a clockwise recurving track as it moved initially north-northwestwards till 1200 UTC of 17th and north-northeastwards thereafter. The total track length of the system was 1765 km. It was mainly steered by an anti-cyclonic circulation in middle & upper tropospheric levels to the northeast of the system centre.

Wind anemograph recordings at Kolkata (Alipore) on 20th May 2020 (Courtesy: IMD)

It underwent intensification during 17th noon to 19th May early morning hours over west-central BoB mainly due to low vertical wind shear (10-15 knots), very warm sea surface temperatures 30-31ºC, high tropical cyclone heat potential (100 – 120 KJ per square cm) and increased cross equatorial wind surge. During this period, the system experienced an increase in maximum sustained wind speed from 50 knots at of 17th to 130 knots of 18th May. The maximum sustained wind speed of the cyclone was 240-250 kmph (130 knots) gusting to 275 kmph (145 knots) during 1800 UTC of 18th to 0000 UTC of 19th May (day before Amphan cyclone date of landfall) over the west-central BoB. The lowest estimated central pressure was 920 hPa during the same period. Thereafter, the system started weakening over west-central BoB under unfavorable environment (increase in vertical wind shear (20-25 knots)) and low Ocean thermal energy. The system crossed West Bengal-Bangladesh coasts as a very severe cyclonic storm across Sundarbans, near lat.21.65°N/long. 88.30°E during 1000-1200 UTC, with maximum sustained wind speed of 85 knots gusting to 100 knots.

GPM IMERG estimated rainfall totals from Cyclone Amphan from May 16 – 19, 2020. GPM data revealed Amphan generated over 914 mm or 36 inches of rainfall over the Bay. Credit: NASA Goddard, Owen Kelley (Courtesy: NASA)

The system maintained the cyclonic storm intensity for almost 15 hours even after landfall from 1200 UTC of 20th May to 0300 UTC of 21st May. The life period Depression to Depression of the system was 138 hours (5 days & 18 hours) against Long Period Average of 134 hours (5 days & 14 hrs) for Very Severe Cyclonic Storm / Extremely Severe Cyclonic Storm categories over BoB during pre-monsoon season based on the data of 1990-2013. It moved with 12 hour average translational speed of 13.9 kmph against Long Period Average (1990-2013) of 14.7 kmph for Very Severe Cyclonic Storm category over the north Indian Ocean. During initial stages of its development of 16th to 18th May, Amphan moved slower than the average. Thereafter the speed increased and reached the maximum 29 kmph of 20th May just prior to landfall. The Velocity Flux, Accumulated Cyclone Energy (a measure of damage potential) and Power Dissipation Index (a measure of loss) were 16.30 X102 knots, 15.45 X 104 knots and 16.04 X106 knots respectively against the Long Period Average during 1990-2013 of 5.28 X102 knots, 8.6 X 104 knots and 2.8 X106 knots respectively for tropical cyclones over BoB during pre-monsoon season as per IMD.

Observed track of SuCS ‘AMPHAN’ over the southeast Bay of Bengal
(16-21 May, 2020) (Courtesy: IMD)

Comparison of fiercest five cyclone hits India last three decades

1999 Odisha Cyclone hold Highest wind (3 min sustained) -260 KMPH
Amphan contains highest wind (1 min sustained) – 260 KMPH
1999 Odisha Cyclone holds lowest pressure 912 hPa (extremely strongest & devastating)
1999 Odisha Cyclone contains highest fatalities 9887

See detail

Name of the Cyclone given by which country: Worldwide there are six regional specialized meteorological centers (RSMCs) and five regional Tropical Cyclone Warning Centers (TCWCs) mandated for issuing advisories and naming of tropical cyclones.

List of tropical cyclone names adopted by WMO/ESCAP Panel Member Countries in September, 2004

(Names which have been utilized till December 2019 are marked in Red)

India Meteorological Department is one of the six RSMCs to provide tropical cyclone and storm surge advisories to 13 member countries under WMO/ESCAP Panel including Bangladesh, India, Iran, Maldives, Myanmar, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sri Lanka, Thailand, United Arab Emirates and Yemen. RSMC, New Delhi is also mandated to name the Tropical Cyclones developing over the north Indian Ocean (NIO) including the Bay of Bengal (BoB) and the Arabian Sea (AS). List of new name of cyclones also published in Press Information Bureau.

Dual attack: Time is quite unfortunate for the state West Bengal, India. The first COVID19 positive case reported on 17th March 2020. And the numbers of active cases are escalating day by day.

Amphan hits West Bengal on 20th May, 2020. That completely devastated the basic infrastructure of life viz. electricity, water, mobile connection. It slapped on the production of food also. Acres of land are either heap of air driven garbage or plants are uprooted by gusting air.

Indeed, the state is facing pressure of tongs from two attacks. Severe panic prevails in society during the lockdown period. Human contact is restricted to break the chain of COVID19. On the other hand, human have to keep a cordial contact to save life from severe natural disaster. Both these contacts are self-contradictory. Still the second type of contact was prioritized. This is more humane to save the life first. If life persists, then we will dive to struggle against COVID19.

Public Awareness programme were initiated to aware people about the severity of the storm maintaining the protocol of COVID19. However, maintaining social distancing, protections with face mask, hand sanitization are being performed by both the responsible officers of Government as well as the citizens.   

West Bengal chief minister Mamata Banerjee said the devastation in Kolkata, the state capital, was “a bigger disaster than Covid-19“.

Area after area has been ruined,” Ms Banerjee was quoted as saying by the Press Trust of India news agency. “I have experienced a war-like situation today.

Reuters reported Banerjee as having said, adding that although 500,000 people had been evacuated and the state authorities had not entirely anticipated the ferocity of the storm.

Reconstruction of life: It will not be exaggerated if it is expressed that reconstruction works are still going on after the four months of Amphan. One major issue is the restriction of COVID19 pandemic and the coverage volume of devastation. I shall create a new case study in my future post, regarding reconstruction of life. Severe restriction of human contact to arrest the COVID19, also affects the relief work as well as reconstruction work.  

Reconstruction work after 100 days of Amphan landfall (Courtesy: Times of Bengal)

Many voluntary organizations and clubs extend their hands to provide food, drinking water and primary medicine till the life resumes. 27th August, 2020 is the 100th day of Amphan landfall. Looking returned at one hundred days due to the fact Cyclone Amphan made landfall in West Bengal, Sustainable Environment and Ecological Development Society (SEEDS) a main humanitarian agency welcomes Panchami Purkayi to her newly constructed residence in the 24 South Parganas district. She alongside with her husband and son (both with disabilities) took refuge in a close by important faculty ever considering the fact that their domestic was once destroyed in the cyclone. With aid from IBM, SEEDS has been challenge alleviation work with the aid of presenting primary amenities, organizing fitness camps, and housing amenities in the district.

Manu Gupta, Co-Founder, SEEDS said, “We sense elated when humans like Panchami Purkayi take a step ahead in getting their lives again on track. We are grateful to have contributed closer to the betterment of households who get affected in the face of such disasters. The residence layout is stimulated with the aid of vernacular housing typologies and building applied sciences of the region. Use of herbal materials alongside with catastrophe hazard discount aspects presents a secure and satisfied residence for the neighborhood maintaining in strains with a minimal carbon footprint.”

The Cyclone Amphan response targeted on bringing the households lower back to normalcy via a holistic strategy of recovery. The preliminary response segment addressed the immediately wishes of dry ration, hygiene items, and secure ingesting water provide to the affected families. A cellular fitness care camp used to be additionally prepared which covered a cell bus geared up with superior amenities like x-ray, ultrasound, bone and blood tests. A devoted group of medical practitioner and fitness care volunteers travelled in the remotest areas of the district and dealt with over one thousand humans with the much-needed care.

While the alleviation effort persevered on the ground, it is fundamental to create long-term resilience amongst inclined communities and assisting them to Build Back Better. Part of the intervention regarded at aiding in restore and restoring of 133 partial broken homes with technical help and development of forty new houses.

Talking about the initiative, Manoj Balachandran, Leader, Corporate Social Responsibility, IBM India said, “In the final few months, there has been remarkable harm to human lives and property in the region. We are happy that, in collaboration with SEEDS, we have been in a position to assist a holistic method of restoration and provide returned to the community. IBM is dedicated to bringing the strength of our technology, assets and human beings to higher serve the society – it has usually been central to our cause as an enterprise.”

Despite the on-ground challenges of the monsoon and Covid-19 disaster SEEDS and IBM proceed to relentlessly work with the communities, nearby authorities and panchayats to fix the lives of the most in need.

Relief work by West Bengal State Government: The West Bengal government has released Rs 1,444 crore to assist people as part of the rehabilitation process following cyclone Amphan, Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee said on Tuesday. Financial assistance to two lakh betel farmers has also been provided, Banerjee said. The state government has already transferred money to nearly five lakh affected people for repairing their homes, besides crop damage assistance to 23.3 lakh farmers, she said. Banerjee earlier announced that her government would release Rs 6,250 crore for Amphan relief measures.

While fighting the COVID-19 pandemic, Bengal witnessed a super cyclone Amphan, the fiercest storm in our recent memory. From the destruction of dwelling houses and physical infrastructure to disruption of fisheries and agriculture, the devastation has been unprecedented,” the chief minister tweeted.

However, through the resilience of Bengal and its people, along with a determined effort by GoWB machinery, we have been able to kickstart major relief and rehabilitation work for the distressed, with an immediate announcement of a Rs 6,250 cr package as first tranche,” she said in another tweet.

I”m happy to share that GoWB has transferred funds to nearly 5Lakh affected people for repairing their homes, released crop damage assistance to 23.3Lakh farmers, apart from 2Lakh betel farmers. We”ve released Rs 1,444 crore so far, against an initial estimate of Rs 1,350 cr,” Banerjee added.

However, State Government performed her best from the very beginning of the disaster to minimize the effects.

Prime Minister of India had announced an immediate relief package of Rs 1,000 crore for the cyclone-hit state.

Plantation drives by KMC: Super Cyclone Amphan has precipitated large destruction in Kolkata. It left battered timber on the streets, amongst different environmental damages. Kolkata Municipal Corporation (KMC) has taken an initiative to plant several saplings and restoring uprooted trees. This ought to be the biggest restoration pressure ever in the state’s history.

The super-cyclone Amphan actually devastated the entirety that has come in its path. It uprooted many timber and destroyed many houses. After the cyclone used to be over, the inexperienced cowl of Kolkata used to be appreciably decreased and it should clearly use a restoration drive. KMC has ultimately got here to the rescue and performed West Bengal’s biggest plantation drive. With the goal of ‘Green Kolkata’ they have planted and restored over 1,000 bushes all over the city.

The initiative was once launched on World Environment Day and its purpose used to be solely to plant timber in the city. It has now been elevated to restoring of timber that suffered due to cyclone. Over 15,000 timbers have been uprooted and five hundred of them have been recognized by KMC which can be re-planted.

To fix its ‘Green Cover’, West Bengal objectives to plant 50,000 timber in and round the town making it the largest plantation power ever in the records of the state. KMC has additionally advised the police and the commonplace public to plant as many bushes as viable to preserve nature’s balance.

The technique of restoration and refining is no longer easy. It requires effort and tough work. The roots have to be cleaned of fungal infection, branches have to be trimmed and help has to be supplied to grow. Monsoon turns into some other assignment for the restoration process. Insecticides, pesticides and suitable water furnish will be furnished to the restored trees. An exceptional committee has been shaped which has already started out its efforts.

Final words: Cyclone Amphan has claimed 98 lives in West Bengal and at least six crore people were directly affected by it. It was tracked with proper accuracy and followed the path exactly as per prediction. As a consequence, life saves.

Local and State Administration of West Bengal performed their extreme to reach people and bring them into safer places. Police administration played a key role in dealing the whole issue. State disaster management department performed a great job. Number of NGO’s and voluntary associations are performing their best to resume lifeline in affected areas. Amphan Cyclone Relief Fund is still active on every websites of Government of West Bengal. You are welcome to donate any amount to move one step for reconstructing life.

Amphan Cyclone Relief Fund donation page of Government of West Bengal

Indeed, immediate relief need to provide dry food, medicine, safe drinking water, tarpaulin etc. All ingredients are necessary for monsoon seasonal relief work. This is also learnable task for Government too. As a consequence, errors are inevitable to rise.

On the other hand, this is to note that citizens are extremely ambitious. People used to blame administration due to non-fulfilling their aspirations. It is found in some cases, administration fails to perform parallel and with same speed with the aspirants. But the accurate bureaucratic machinery address the issue properly, find loopholes to fill up, rectify its internal error, trained its human capital, find alternate source of resources, optimize the demand and execute the issue with grand perfection and transparency.

It is not surprising that the restoration work will consume more than a year to resume. People have to have carry faith, stay alert and keep patience with the administration.

Man is helpless in front of whimsical conduct of nature. It turns man into deep darkness. Man stumbles, defend him from fell down. However, darkness is not permanent. New Sun rises on next day morning brings new light, birds twittering on branches of trees, dew drops of glitters from tip of the grass, light and shadow juggles among leaf of trees and life moves on.

This massive disaster notifies a direct maxim to human civilization,

Should we violate laws of nature?

Are we unable to be ecologically sustainable?

Am I not responsible for this huge disaster?

And to whom are we accountable for?

I am asking myself.


About the author


Hi! I am Sahitya Sarkar. Thank you for paying visit to my Blog.
I am Curious, Inspired, Influenced and moved about the sustainable life on the line of United Nations. This blog is dedicated regarding journey from a crisis to survivability and to find sustainable plan for a better life.

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